Illumination is a celebration of the word, bringing you more fully into what you’re reading. In this way it illuminates the text compared to illustration that seeks to support the text with interpretation. Although illumination is best known for the use of gold leaf and inks, more examples go without this addition in medieval texts than with them.
Watercolor on layed Strathmore paper
This page is part of a text by Dr. James Spates’ essay “Why Ruskin”.